Crime and Community Safety
Importance of Crime and Community Safety
Levels of crime are not only important because of the cost to individuals and society but also because the fear of crime can ruin lives and fracture communities. Crime and anti-social behaviour have both direct and indirect impacts on the quality of life and health of individuals as well as an economic cost to society.
Good evidence is essential in understanding situations and making informed decisions. These pages have been developed with the support of the Public Health Intelligence Team and thanks to Lincolnshire Police for their contribution.
Understanding Crime and Community Safety data
Crime and anti-social behaviour are measured by the number reports to the police. This is known as police recorded crime. Police recorded crime provides a good measure of trends in well-reported crimes. However, police recorded crime statistics are affected by prevailing rules and systems of recording data and by operational decisions in respect of the allocation of resources. More proactive policing in a given area could lead to an increase in crimes recorded without any real change in underlying crime trends. These issues need to be taken into account when using these data. For comparison purposes the data is usually converted to rates per 1000 of the resident population. It can be then be used to compare crime rates for local areas.
The other main source of crime data is the Crime Survey for England and Wales, which measures the extent of crime in England and Wales by asking people whether they have experienced any crime in the past year. This will include crimes which were not reported to the police and can therefore better reflect the true prevalence of crime in society. Because this is based on a survey with a limited sample size the results are more useful for looking at trends at county level and above.
Road Safety data is presented in terms of the number of people killed or seriously injured on the roads, this is collated by the Lincolnshire Road Safety Partnership.
Sources of Data and Intelligence
Police Recorded Crime - This data in the form of raw numbers is available monthly from data.police.uk or you can see the data mapped at police.uk.
Consolidated and validated recorded crime statistics are available annually from the Office for National Statistics at Local Authority District and Police Force level.
This data is also available as rates per 1,000 of the population on the LRO.
Recorded crime is published on the LRO by the following categories:
Violence and sexual offences
Public Order Offences
The data for recorded Crime on the LRO, sourced from ONS and going down to Local Authority District level, is augmented within the LRO datasets with data on recorded Crime and Antisocal Behaviour incidents sourced from data.police.uk which includes data at small area levels.
The public's experience of crime as measured by the The Crime Survey for England and Wales is available from the ONS Crime Survey website
The Home Office is responsible for crime and community safety policy see latest news and statistics on their website.
The Problem Orientated Policing website is a good source of research that has been completed nationally.
Road Safety data supplied by the Linconshire Road Safety partnership is available on the LRO as numbers and rates per 100,000. You also access maps of the sites of accidents at the Traffic Injury Map.
Local Analysis and reports
Police and Crime Commissioner Plan - This Plan outlines how the Police and Crime Commissioner will work with Lincolnshire Police, the public and partners towards reducing crime and improving levels of safety.
Community Safety Partnership were set up in response to the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 that places a statutory duty on responsible authorities to work together to develop and implement strategies to reduce crime and disorder.
East Lincolnshire Community Safety Partnership -
East Lincolnshire Community Safety Partnership, working together to reduce Crime and Disorder in Boston, East Lindsey, South Holland. You can view the ELCSP Partnership Plan 2013-2016 by following the link above.
North Kesteven Community Safety Partnership covers North Kesteven and publishes it plans and priorites.