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Topic on a Page - Road Traffic Collisions

Data Sources:

RTC Supplementary Data Document Published: Jun 2018

Crashmap Incident Mapping:

Crashmap website

Road Safety Observatory (RSO):

Data Profiles: Road Safety

Public Health England (PHE):

Data Profiles: Traffic

Department for Transport (DfT):

Road accidents and safety statisticsUpdated: August 2018

Further Data Sources:

Scroll to the bottom of the page to view and compare further datasets

Supporting Information:

Department for Transport (DfT):

Strategic Framework for Road Safety Refreshed: October 2013

Resources: Road Safety Policy

Lincolnshire Road Safety Partnership (LRSP):

LRSP website

National Institute for Care and Health Excellence (NICE):

PH Guidance: Unintentional injuries on the road: interventions for under 15s [PH31] Published: November 2010

NHS Evidence:

Road Traffic

Collision Injuries

Road Safety

Parliamentary Advisory Council on Transport Safety (PACTS):

PACTS website

Injury Observatory Britain & Ireland:

Injury Prevention Topics

Royal Society for Prevention of Accidents (RoSPA):

Resources for Road safety Practitioners

World Health Organisation (WHO):

Resources: Road Traffic Injuries

House of Commons Library Briefing Papers:

Road accident casualties in Britain and the World

Linked Topics:

Topic last reviewed: Aug-18

JSNA Topic: Road Traffic Collisions

Background

Much progress has been made in reducing road traffic collisions since the formation of the Lincolnshire Road Safety Partnership (LRSP) in 2000 (Source: www.roadlincs.com). Nevertheless, there is still much more to do. In 2015, 39 people were killed and 281 people were seriously injured and this represented one of the lowest years on record. However in 2016 the number of fatalities rose to 59 with an additional 382 serious injuries. Whilst fatalities fell to 49 in 2017 provisional figures indicate that serious injury casualties will rise again. (Further data on casualty trends can be found in the supplementary data document).

The human consequences are impossible to quantify but the August 2017 report 'Evaluating the costs of incidents from the public sector perspective' by UK road safety charity IAM RoadSmart has provided an update on the cost of road deaths to the public purse.

In 2015 the cost of each fatality was estimated at £1.7million. The biggest element in this figure is the cost to the individuals involved; chiefly loved ones. This human cost factor has always been based on how much those relatives would be willing to pay to avoid the incident. By stripping this out the new report more accurately identifies which costs fall on the public purse.

The total costs to public services identified by the research were as follows:

  • Young drivers, £1.1 Million per fatality
  • Motorcyclists, £800,000 per fatality
  • People driving for work, £700,000 per fatality
  • Older drivers, £10,000 per fatality

Furthermore, the single major avoidable cause of death in childhood in England is unintentional injury – death in the home for under-fives and on the roads for over-fives. (Source: Fair Society Healthy Lives': The Marmot Review, 2010)

Road safety was identified as the third highest ranked service in a 2016 extensive Lincolnshire County Council Public Consultation Exercise carried out to identify budget priorities.

Reducing road casualties and tackling risky driver behaviours such as speeding and being under the influence of alcohol or other drugs is incorporated into one of the key principles of the Community Safety, Policing and Criminal Justice Plan for Lincolnshire 2017-2021, published by the Lincolnshire Police and Crime Commissioner.

Context

National Strategies, Policies & Guidance

There are a large number of national documents that deal with the issue of road safety. Much of it is applicable to Lincolnshire and helps provide context for the particular issues road users face in this county. National strategies and policies are used to inform local decision making and have been utilised when formulating the local plans outlined below.

NICE Guideline: Unintentional injuries on the road: interventions for under-15s [PH31]
2010 - This guideline covers road speed limits, 20mph zones and engineering measures to reduce speed or make routes safer

Department for Transport: Road safety statement: working together to build a safer road system
2015 - This statement sets out the context of road safety in Britain today and the overarching scope of road safety activity for the government.

Public Health England & RoSPA: Reducing unintentional injuries on the roads among children and young people under 25 years
Published 2014; last updated 2018 - Action areas for local authorities and their partners to help develop injury prevention strategies for children and young people

Department for Transport (DfT): Reported Road Casualties Great Britain Annual Report 2016
Personal injury accident statistics, on public roads in Great Britain for 2016

Parliamentary Advisory Council for Transport Safety – Safe Systems Approach
Outlines the Safe System approach to road safety which has a long-term goal for a road traffic system which is eventually free from death and serious injury

Road Safety Foundation: Library
Library of European road safety documents

Local Strategies & Plans

LRSP Road Safety Strategy 2015 – 2025
This document sets out how the LRSP will continue to serve the people of Lincolnshire by providing a first class, evidence based road safety service.

Lincolnshire Police and Crime Commissioner: Community Safety, Policing and Criminal Justice Plan for Lincolnshire 2017-2021
The Community Safety, Policing and Criminal Justice Plan for Lincolnshire sets out the actions that the PCC Marc Jones will be taking to help ensure communities stay safe.

What is the picture in Lincolnshire?

What the data is telling us

LRSP primarily use Stats19 Data (the police collect details of all incidents which they attend or become aware of within 30 days, which occur on the highway, in which one or more person is killed or injured, and involving one or more vehicles using the STATS19 data collection system. STATS19 is the reference number for the police form used to record incidents) to analyse collision and casualty trends. This is the national standard used by the Department for Transport.

As outlined in the DfT: Reported road casualties in Great Britain: 2016 Annual Report, early indications are that switching to the Collision Recording and Sharing (CRASH) electronic reporting system for Stats19 has added between 5 and 15 percent to the Great Britain total for serious injuries. Lincolnshire have not yet adopted the CRASH system but in 2016 started recording stats 19 forms electronically using mobile data terminals. This takes a similar form to CRASH. LRSP are currently working on the data but preliminary comparisons between traditional paper and electronic Stats19 submissions show an increase in serious injury reporting.

Stats19 data shows that in Lincolnshire there was a substantial and sustained reduction in killed or seriously injured (KSI) casualties from 483 in 2011 to 320 in 2015. However, we are now seeing an increase in KSI casualties with 441 recorded in 2016 and provisional 2017 figures recording 569. Further detailed analysis is shown in the supplementary data document.

  • The majority (74%) of KSI casualties in Lincolnshire occur on the rural road network.
  • Casualties are more likely to be male.
  • Collisions are distributed throughout the county with the highest percentage in East Lindsey.
  • The highest risk groups remain; two wheel motor vehicle (TWMV) riders, young drivers (17-24yrs) and mature road users (60years+). However, pedestrian casualties are rising.

Trend

  • The number of fatal casualties peaked at 104 in 2003 but since then has been in almost continual decline such that, 2012 (39) and 2013 (36) were successively the lowest number on record. Fatal casualties increased to 42 in 2014, fell to 39 in 2015, rose to 59 in 2016 and have again decreased in 2017 to 49.
  • Lincolnshire performed better than many authorities within the midland region during 2016 in certain vulnerable road user groups including Two Wheeled Motor Vehicles (TWMV) but not in the overall KSI category. This is evidenced in Government road accidents and safety statistics.
  • TWMV KSI casualties are consistently above the national average and those of comparative counties. However, in 2015 and 2016 the rate of reduction in Lincolnshire was higher in both of those measures. When considered by KSI Casualties per 100,000 Lincolnshire had less KSI casualties than comparative counties.
  • TWMV up to 125cc shows greater variation in KSI casualties per year than the national average and comparative counties. Despite a 29% reduction in 2015 which took Lincolnshire below both, 2016 figures have reversed this trend.
  • Since 2008 pedal cycle KSI casualties have risen above the national average. However, a 2016 reduction closed this gap to its lowest point since 2011.
  • Young driver KSI casualties increased in 2009 but have gradually decreased since. In 2015 they fell below the national average but again, a 2016 increase has reversed this trend.

Key Inequalities

Road traffic casualties are significantly more likely to be male. In 2016 77% of fatal casualties were male and 23% female.

26% of the fatal casualties in 2016 were young adults aged 17-24 and 34% mature adults aged 60+, accounting together for 60%. As such, these two groups continue to be a high priority to LRSP.

Although national research by RoSPA indicates higher rates of casualties in areas of higher deprivation this link has not been identified in Lincolnshire. LRSP had intended to complete a study into this in 2017; however this was delayed whilst a fundamental review of LRSP occurred. It is our intention to complete this study in 2018. Once this is done LRSP intends to extend this research, analysing risk to all residents as well as focusing on the roads they use.

Road Safety Analysis Ltd has produced work on the link between deprivation and road safety.

LRSP has previously completed extensive research into each vulnerable road user groups identified through casualty analysis. Where the need for a 'fundamental review' of a road user group has been identified below, this information will be used to evaluate the success of current interventions and to plan future activity.

Current Activity & Services

The multi-agency LRSP continues to be the provider of road safety services in the county. Lincolnshire County Council commissions road safety services from the LRSP.

LRSP involves the co-location of road safety specialists from the Police, County Council and Fire and Rescue who work together and share their expertise to reduce road casualties in Lincolnshire. The safety camera team is also based within the LRSP which means that all activities relating to road safety education engineering and enforcement are coordinated from the LRSP.

In 2017 LRSP completed its review of road safety services and is implementing a series of recommendations in an effort to increase efficiency and improve effectiveness.

LRSP Road Safety Strategy 2015 – 2025 commits the LRSP to be intelligence led and to focus on the four e's of education, engineering, enforcement all underpinned by evaluation.

Engineering:

  • Delivery of Accident Investigation and Prevention (AIP) engineering works. Over 1000 sites and links are assessed annually resulting in over 50 sites requiring more detailed investigation and improvement work.
  • Over 50 road safety audits completed per annum.
  • School Safety Watch currently being trialled. This scheme would allow schools to purchase interactive speed warning devices.
  • Community Speed Watch passive and interactive warning signs now being utilised by more than 150 parishes.
  • Traffic schemes
  • Pedestrian Crossings

Enforcement:

  • Speed Enforcement: management and operation of Lincolnshire's extensive safety camera enforcement system. This currently consists of 4 average speeds, 50 static and approx. 80 mobile camera sites. Static camera sites are currently subject to digital upgrade programme.
  • Operation Octane – motorcycle enforcement and education campaign.
  • Operation Stealth – The reintroduction of specifically targeted covert and overt enforcement for high end offenders being considered.
  • Seasonal education and enforcement Drink & Drug Driving campaigns.
  • Local Police Enforcement
  • Roads Policing through East Midlands Operational Support Services (EMOpSS)

Education, Training and Publicity (ETP):

  • Delivery of National Driver Offender Retraining Scheme (NDORS) courses as an alternative to prosecution.
  • Seasonal education and enforcement Drink & Drug Driving campaigns.
  • Operation Octane – motorcycle enforcement and education campaign.
  • Creation and dissemination of educational clips to best expose prevention messages and raise awareness.
  • Walking Bus Schemes
  • Extensive event and show attendance allowing community engagement and educational opportunities.
  • The ETP team continues to deliver it's suite of Primary and Secondary focussed road safety education across the county with school aged children and young adults. This is supported at an upper Secondary level with the continued successful delivery of our 2fast2soon programme, Jason's Story a bespoke theatre production and workshops focussing on risk, consequences and peer pressure; influencing behaviour change among our new and future road users.
  • Continue to deliver driver training opportunities from Scampton driver training facility utilising skid cars and crash car simulator to achieve practical, relevant and fun experiences and solutions to drivers of all ages.
  • Continue to deliver non-Police referral suite of courses including Mature Driver, Pass Plus+, corporate programmes and Taxi course delivered from various venues and targeting identified priority groups.
  • Comprehensive data analysis, identification of key issues and establishing priorities and emerging trends.
  • Police Serious Collision Investigation Unit
  • Currently developing 2fast2soon Corporate and a further suite of corporate resources to assist organisations with Managing Operational Road Risk (MORR)
  • Performance Plus motorcycle training
  • School Crossing Patrols.
  • School Travel Plans – LCC working with schools to make the journey to school as healthy, environmentally friendly, stress free and safe as possible by;
    • Reducing congestion outside school
    • Getting more children, parents and staff physically active on the school journey
    • Reducing carbon emissions from the journey to school
    • Improving the sustainable transport infrastructure and facilities at schools
  • Max Respect - To promote, encourage and reward safe travel on home to school transport and to proactively address reported incidents of poor behaviour.
  • Bikability - Years 5 & 6 primary school pupils learn how to cycle confidently, assertively, and safely on today's busy roads.

Evaluation:

  • Comprehensive data analysis, identification of key issues and establishing priorities and emerging trends.
  • Improving engagement methods and subsequent impact

Actions as a result of 2017 JSNA

  • LRSP undertook a fundamental review of its motorcycle provision and set up a working group to look specifically at young motorcyclists riding under 125cc bikes. As a result, the LRSP motorcycle programme Operation octane has been amended.
  • LRSP working group redesigned the mature driver course with the aim of increasing participation. Increased funding was provided as cost and travel requirements were identified as factors preventing participation. In 2017 118 mature drivers received training. This is an increase from just 7 in 2016.
  • Lincolnshire Police have launched a Fatal Four team (Police led initiative targeting four key offences that can lead to collisions including, excessive or inappropriate speed, driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, not wearing a seat belt and driver distractions, such as using mobile devices) utilising dedicated Special Constables. RSP are providing data, tasking and coordination functions.

Unmet Needs & Gaps

LRSP uses data to inform all decisions relating to road safety activity and maintains a comprehensive database of collisions. However, there are some areas that require further work. All new projects were placed on hold whilst a fundamental review of LRSP occurred in 2017. This has meant that the following unmet needs and gaps still exist:

  • The east coast population may be underestimated and tourists are not accounted for. This may impact on issue identification and may prevent effective targeting. Comparisons with coastal towns may show a fairer representation when looking at data.
  • Cyclist casualties need some miles travelled attached to give the indicator more meaning.
  • Concern around Stats19 accuracy and lack of guarantee that every form is received. Further, STATS 19 are only taken at the arrival of the officer and retrospective information may not be added afterwards
  • LRSP should look for other data measures including hospital admissions, insurance claims, near misses and damage only collisions.
  • Further research into road users by a range of classifications to help with effective targeting interventions at those road users with higher risks, for example migrant workers and foreign nationals who passed their driving test in a different county which may not be in line with UK driving standards.
  • There is a perception that foreign nationals miss out on the offer of driver improvement courses, largely caused by the itinerant nature of their work and living accommodation.
  • As Lincoln University continues its rapid expansion, research is required into the possible road safety impact of a significant increase of young drivers within the city environment.

Local Views & Insights

  • LRSP completed a public consultation exercise, the results of which will be published in 2018. The information collected will be used to help guide our engagement campaigns for next year.
  • Feedback forms are no longer routinely completed by attendees on NDORS courses in Lincolnshire as they are not required. However, participant research is incorporated in the recently published Impact Evaluation of the National Speed Awareness Course (Ipsos MORI, George Barrett & the Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds).
  • Feedback is sought at all events LRSP attends.
  • Feedback is sought for all courses LRSP delivers; including motorcycle training, young driver training and 2Fast2Soon.
  • LRSP website, Facebook and Twitter accounts all allow for direct communication.
  • LRSP Strategic Board is made up of elected members and senior officers of its parent organisations. This allows for direct input of public opinion and stakeholder views.
  • LRSP Casualty Reduction Officers are required to liaise with Neighbourhood Policing Teams (NPTs)
  • LRSP attends a variety of Partnerships and forums including Community Safety Partnership and Lincolnshire Safeguarding Children Board (LSCB) to ensure partners and stakeholders are able to contribute to Lincolnshire's road safety provision.

Risks of not doing something

The 2016 rise in KSI casualties demonstrates that road safety should remain a strategic priority in Lincolnshire. The number of people killed or seriously injured is clearly unacceptable in terms of both human and economic costs.

The cost to the national economy of KSI casualties in Lincolnshire in 2016 alone equates to approximately £187m.

What is coming on the horizon?

The biggest risk to Lincolnshire's road safety provision is the availability of resources. The current national programme requires public service providers to make difficult budget decisions. Possible issues relating to this include:

  • A reduction in finances
  • Less enforcement
  • Less road maintenance
  • Reduction in verge maintenance
  • Managing a deteriorating road network
  • Having to close roads
  • Less education
  • Reduction in public transport

Other possible issues may include:

  • Increasing population
  • New increased penalties for mobile phone use
  • Autonomous cars

What should we be doing next?

  • LRSP is using the results of its public consultation exercise to help guide future engagement campaigns. LRSP will also publish these results in 2018.
  • Complete data analysis and research projects outlined in 'Unmet needs and gaps' section above.
  • Explore opportunities to employ new technology in enforcement, education and engineering fields.
  • Work on education on driver distractions, this should be part of the education plans for children and include mobile phones, head phones, behaviour around HGVs etc.
  • Work with partners to improve road safety provision.
  • Undertake an Equality Impact Assessment.

 

If you need to contact us about this topic, please email JSNA@lincolnshire.gov.uk

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