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Topic on a Page - Road Traffic Collisions

Data Sources:

RTC Supplementary Data Document Published: August 2019

Crashmap Incident Mapping:

Crashmap website

Road Safety Observatory (RSO):

Data Profiles: Road Safety

Public Health England (PHE):

Data Profiles: Traffic

Department for Transport (DfT):

Road accidents and safety statistics

Further Data Sources:

Scroll to the bottom of the page to view and compare further datasets

Supporting Information:

Department for Transport (DfT):

Strategic Framework for Road Safety Refreshed: October 2013

Resources: Road Safety Policy

Lincolnshire Road Safety Partnership (LRSP):

LRSP website

National Institute for Care and Health Excellence (NICE):

PH Guidance: Unintentional injuries on the road: interventions for under 15s [PH31] Published: November 2010

NHS Evidence:

Road Traffic

Collision Injuries

Road Safety

Parliamentary Advisory Council on Transport Safety (PACTS):

PACTS website

Royal Society for Prevention of Accidents (RoSPA):

Resources for Road safety Practitioners

World Health Organisation (WHO):

Resources: Road Traffic Injuries

House of Commons Library Briefing Papers:

Road accident casualties in Britain and the World

Linked Topics:

Topic last reviewed: Aug-19

JSNA Topic: Road Traffic Collisions

Background

Much progress has been made in reducing road traffic collisions since the formation of the Lincolnshire Road Safety Partnership (LRSP) in 2000 (Source: www.roadlincs.com). Nevertheless, there is still much more to do. In 2015, 39 people were killed and 281 people were seriously injured and this represented one of the lowest years on record; however this has subsequently risen: in 2016 to 59 fatalities and 382 seriously injured, in 2017, 49 fatalities and 517 seriously injured and in 2018, 56 fatalities and 456 seriously injured.

The human consequences are impossible to quantify but the August 2017 report 'Evaluating the costs of incidents from the public sector perspective' by UK road safety charity IAM RoadSmart has provided an update on the cost of road deaths to the public purse.

In 2015 the cost of each fatality was estimated at £1.7million. The greatest element in this figure is the cost to the individuals involved; chiefly loved ones. This human cost factor has always been based on how much those relatives would be willing to pay to avoid the incident. By stripping this out the new report more accurately identifies which costs fall on the public purse.

The total costs to public services identified by the research were as follows:

  • Young drivers, £1.1 Million per fatality
  • Motorcyclists, £800,000 per fatality
  • People driving for work, £700,000 per fatality
  • Older drivers, £10,000 per fatality

Furthermore, the single major avoidable cause of death in childhood in England is unintentional injury – death in the home for under-fives and on the roads for over-fives. (Source: Fair Society Healthy Lives': The Marmot Review, 2010)

Road safety was identified as the third highest ranked service in a 2016 extensive Lincolnshire County Council Public Consultation Exercise carried out to identify budget priorities.

Reducing road casualties and tackling risky driver behaviours such as speeding and being under the influence of alcohol or other drugs is incorporated into one of the key principles of the Community Safety, Policing and Criminal Justice Plan for Lincolnshire 2017-2021, published by the Lincolnshire Police and Crime Commissioner.

Context

National Strategies, Policies & Guidance

There are a large number of national documents that deal with the issue of road safety. Much of it is applicable to Lincolnshire and helps provide context for the particular issues road users face in this county. National strategies and policies are used to inform local decision making and have been utilised when formulating the local plans outlined below.

NICE Guideline: Unintentional injuries on the road: interventions for under-15s [PH31]
2010 - This guideline covers road speed limits, 20mph zones and engineering measures to reduce speed or make routes safer

Road Safety Statement 2019: a lifetime of road safety
Road safety statement and two-year action plan, addressing road safety issues throughout the lifetime of roads users.

Public Health England & RoSPA: Reducing unintentional injuries on the roads among children and young people under 25 years
Published 2014; last updated 2018 - Action areas for local authorities and their partners to help develop injury prevention strategies for children and young people

Department for Transport (DfT): Reported Road Casualties Great Britain Annual Report
Personal injury accident statistics, on public roads in Great Britain for 2017

Parliamentary Advisory Council for Transport Safety – Safe Systems Approach
Outlines the Safe System approach to road safety which has a long-term goal for a road traffic system which is eventually free from death and serious injury

Road Safety Foundation: Library
Library of European road safety documents

Local Strategies & Plans

LRSP Road Safety Strategy 2015 – 2025
This document sets out how the LRSP will continue to serve the people of Lincolnshire by providing a first class, evidence based road safety service.

Lincolnshire Police and Crime Commissioner: Community Safety, Policing and Criminal Justice Plan for Lincolnshire 2017-2021
The Community Safety, Policing and Criminal Justice Plan for Lincolnshire sets out the actions that the PCC Marc Jones will be taking to help ensure communities stay safe.

What is the picture in Lincolnshire?

What the data is telling us

LRSP primarily use Stats19 Data (the police collect details of all incidents which they attend or become aware of within 30 days, which occur on the highway, in which one or more person is killed or injured, and involving one or more vehicles using the STATS19 data collection system. STATS19 is the reference number for the police form used to record incidents) to analyse collision and casualty trends. This is the national standard used by the Department for Transport.

As outlined in the DfT: Reported road casualties in Great Britain: 2016 Annual Report, early indications are that switching to the Collision Recording and Sharing (CRASH) electronic reporting system for Stats19 has added between 5 and 15 percent to the Great Britain total for serious injuries. Lincolnshire have not yet adopted the CRASH system but in 2016 started recording stats 19 forms electronically using mobile data terminals. This takes a similar form to CRASH. LRSP are currently working on the data but preliminary comparisons between traditional paper and electronic Stats19 submissions show an increase in serious injury reporting.

Stats19 data shows that in Lincolnshire there was a substantial and sustained reduction in killed or seriously injured (KSI) casualties from 483 in 2011 to 320 in 2015. However, we have seen an increase in KSI casualties with 441 recorded in 2016, 566 in 2017, and 512 in 2018.

  • The majority of KSI casualties in Lincolnshire occur on the rural road network.
  • Casualties are more likely to be male.
  • Collisions are distributed throughout the county with the highest percentage in East Lindsey.
  • The highest risk groups remain: two wheel motor vehicle (TWMV) riders, young drivers (17-24yrs) and mature road users (60years+). However, pedestrian casualties are rising.

For further information see the Supplementary Data Document.

Trend

  • The number of fatal casualties peaked at 104 in 2003 but since then has been in almost continual decline such that, 2012 (39) and 2013 (36) were successively the lowest number on record. Fatal casualties increased to 42 in 2014, fell to 39 in 2015, rose to 59 in 2016, decreased in 2017 to 49 and again rose in 2018 to 56.
  • Since the inception of electronic data reporting Lincolnshire, no longer performs better than other authorities within the midland region. This is evidenced in Government road accidents and safety statistics.
  • TWMV KSI casualties are consistently above the national average and those of comparative counties.

For further information see the Supplementary Data Document.

Key Inequalities

Road traffic casualties are significantly more likely to be male. In 2018, 63 % of fatalities were male and 38% were female. In 2017, 80% were male and 20% were female.

9% of the fatal casualties in 2018 were young adults aged 17-24, a reduction from 20% in 2017; and 36% were mature adults aged 60+, an increase from 22% in 2017. Together, these groups account for 45% of the total, similar to the 44% in 2017 and still lower than the 60% in 2016.

Current Activity & Services

The multi-agency LRSP continues to be the provider of road safety services in the county. Lincolnshire County Council commissions road safety services from the LRSP.

LRSP involves the co-location of road safety specialists from the Police, County Council and Fire and Rescue who work together and share their expertise to reduce road casualties in Lincolnshire. The safety camera team is also based within the LRSP which means that all activities relating to road safety education engineering and enforcement are coordinated from the LRSP.

LRSP Priorities: Our priorities are reviewed annually following analysis of collision trends and causation factors. The outcomes of this analysis are reflected in a yearly Delivery Plan which sets our priorities for that year.
Our current priorities are:

  • Young drivers (17 years to 24 years)
  • Mature driver (60years +)
  • Two Wheel Motor Vehicle Users
  • Pedal Cyclists
  • Pedestrians
  • Business users

In 2017 LRSP completed its review of road safety services and is implementing a series of recommendations in an effort to increase efficiency and improve effectiveness.

LRSP Road Safety Strategy 2015 – 2025 commits the LRSP to be intelligence led and to focus on the four e's of education, engineering, enforcement all underpinned by evaluation.

Engineering:

  • Delivery of Accident Investigation and Prevention (AIP) engineering works. Over 1,000 sites and links are assessed annually resulting in over 50 sites requiring more detailed investigation and improvement work.
  • Over 50 road safety audits completed per annum.
  • Community Speed Watch passive and interactive warning signs now being utilised by more than 200 parishes.
  • Traffic schemes
  • Pedestrian Crossings
  • Delivery of Department for Transport safer Roads Fund schemes totalling over £2,000,000 in 2019-21.

Enforcement:

  • Speed Enforcement: management and operation of Lincolnshire's extensive safety camera enforcement system. This currently consists of 7 average speed, 39 static and approx. 80 mobile camera sites. Static camera sites are currently subject to a digital upgrade programme.
  • Operation Octane – motorcycle enforcement and education campaign.
  • Operation Stealth – The reintroduction of specifically targeted covert and overt enforcement for high end offenders is being considered.
  • Seasonal education and enforcement Drink & Drug Driving campaigns.
  • Local Police Enforcement.
  • Roads Policing.

Education, Training and Publicity (ETP):

  • Delivery of National Driver Offender Retraining Scheme (NDORS) courses as an alternative to prosecution.
  • Performance Plus motorcycle training
  • Police Rider motorcycle training
  • Smart Rider observed ride initiative
  • Continuation of Shiny Side Up signage
  • Continue to deliver non-Police referral suite of courses including Pass Plus+, Taxi course delivered from various venues and training targeting identified priority groups as required.
  • Continue to deliver driver training opportunities from Scampton driver training facility utilising skid cars and crash car simulator to achieve practical, relevant and fun experiences and solutions to drivers of all ages.
  • Deliver free Mileage for Life courses for mature drivers.
  • Provide 2fast2soon Corporate training and a further suite of corporate resources to assist organisations with Managing Operational Road Risk (MORR)
  • Extensive event and show attendance allowing community engagement and educational opportunities.
  • Creation and dissemination of educational clips to best expose prevention messages and raise awareness.
  • Continue to manage School Crossing Patrol facilities across the County.
  • Provide successful road safety communications campaigns targeting every aspect of road safety. In recent years this has included advertising and public awareness campaigns on the following issues:
    • Drink and drug driving
    • Motorcycle safety
    • Police – Fatal 4 campaign
    • Winter driving
    • Mobile Phones
    • Seatbelts
    • Child safety
    • Vehicle maintenance
    • Heavy and Light Goods Vehicles
    • Agricultural Vehicles
    • Driving for Work
    • Brake Road Safety Week

Delivery of Education, Training and Publicity to Schools/colleges

The education team, consisting of five Road Safety Officers and led by our Education Supervisor has a huge wealth of experience in safety and delivering road safety packages. The team are able to deliver from Key Stage 1 to Key Stage 5, and all hold the Qualifications and Credit Framework PTLLS (or equivalent) and hold both the nationally recognised Foundation in Road Safety and Behavioural Change qualification through RSGB (Road Safety Great Britain). Team members are encouraged to work collaboratively when required, however they also have assigned individual geographical areas of focus, to enable an increase of 'local knowledge' and understanding of local issues to benefit their engagements and education. An additional aspect of the geographical split is to ensure all schools/colleges have access to our resources, regardless of location.

Road traffic collisions are one of the main causes of death and injury to children of school age. As such, road safety education is an essential part of a child’s education, contributing to the general educational goals of the whole curriculum by promoting moral, cultural, mental, and physical development and preparing children for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of adult life. Further into a child's development we focus on expanding knowledge on specific road related subjects, our aim is for young people to develop strategies in order to influence and change behaviour, to develop our young people into making considered and safe decisions on and around the road.

We offer schools access to a suite of tailored road safety engagement and awareness options. These options range from access to information, teacher led activities and classroom deliveries from a road safety professional. Often schools prefer the benefits of face-to-face engagement as this provides the most flexible approach to learning and an ability to engage in Q&A to fulfil the needs of the group first hand.

Should our range of packages not suit a schools particular circumstances or requirements, we work with individual schools to develop bespoke road safety packages which proactively target the needs of their students. We work with schools and colleges to provide the key life skills necessary to help keep children safe in their early years and then aim to influence change behaviour techniques in young adults to help protect one of the most vulnerable road user groups on Lincolnshire's roads. Where there has been a particular incident or the school has specifically approached us due to a student's involvement in a collision, we work extremely closely with staff and Partnership colleagues to ensure the approach, content and timing of our delivery is appropriate, measured and proportionate.

At a Primary level we offer a range of services that help teach children important safety lessons in;

  • How to keep themselves and others safe, now and in the future;
  • The road environment and how it functions;
  • How to influence changes in that environment.

We offer a range of lessons aimed at different lower key stages to appropriately address approaching road safety challenges. These lessons include;

Conspicuity Understanding visibility and how to stay the most visible, on and near the road.
Crossing places An introduction to crossing places.
Pedestrian Safety Understanding and practicing pedestrian safety in a variety of circumstances.
In car safety Awareness and understanding of own responsibility inside a vehicle and some introduction to the law.
Understanding Crossing places Knowledge of different crossing places, what to do in their absence and how to use appropriately.
Traffic trail & journey planning Understanding your environment and adapting to different environments with the focus of road safety.
Cycle helmets Understanding the importance of wearing a helmet and the potential consequences of not doing so.
JRSO (Junior Road Safety Officer) scheme Direct and peer engagement focussing on local topics throughout the academic year.

At a Secondary level we offer a range of services that help teach children important safety lessons in;

  • Understanding a recognising unsafe situations
  • Developing coping strategies and techniques to stay safer on the road
  • Promoting positive related behaviour among peers and discouraging negative peer pressure

We offer a range of lessons aimed at different upper key stages to appropriately address approaching road safety challenges. These lessons include;

Taking risks Understanding consequences and generating prevention ideas and techniques around safe road side use.
Young Passenger Awareness Staying safe inside a vehicle and being prepared to challenge behaviour.
Johnny's Story Cycle safety and maintenance importance.
LGV programme Understanding large vehicles and me.
Ghost Street Distractions and risks for pedestrians and cyclists, focussing on collision investigation and prevention.
2f2s - Jason's Story Understanding the risks, consequences, peer pressure and effects on the family following a road traffic collision as well as promoting prevention strategy planning.

2fast2soon - Jason's Story (2f2s) is a custom-made sixth-form package. We engage the audience in a theatre performance based on a real life story. The performance encourages thoughts associated with risky road safety behaviour, loss of freedom, guilt and consequences. This then leads directly into a workshop developing consciousness then strategy associated with risk, consequences, peer pressure and the effects on the family following a road traffic collision. At the close of 2f2s we encourage students to extend their skill behind the wheel by making them aware our suite of chargeable driver training courses are available should they wish to take them up including our pre-driver training and post-test development courses. LRSP are redeveloping the 2f2s package for 2019/20.

We were able to have direct engagements with over 13,000 pupils across Lincolnshire via education delivered at Primary, Secondary and sixth form during the academic year 2018/19, plus many more via peer to peer learning through the Junior Road Safety Officers.

Further offerings include (including LCC):

  • Delivery of Walking Bus Schemes
  • School Travel Plans – LCC working with schools to make the journey to school as healthy, environmentally friendly, stress free and safe as possible by;
    • Reducing congestion outside school
    • Getting more children, parents and staff physically active on the school journey
    • Reducing carbon emissions from the journey to school
    • Improving the sustainable transport infrastructure and facilities at schools
    • Max Respect - To promote, encourage and reward safe travel on home to school transport and to proactively address reported incidents of poor behaviour.
    • Bikability - Years 5 & 6 primary school pupils learn how to cycle confidently, assertively, and safely on today's busy roads.

Evaluation:

  • Comprehensive data analysis, identification of key issues and establishing priorities and emerging trends.
  • Improving engagement methods and subsequent impact

Unmet Needs & Gaps

  • The east coast population may be underestimated and tourists are not accounted for. This may impact on issue identification and may prevent effective targeting. Comparisons with coastal towns may show a fairer representation when looking at data.
  • Cyclist casualties need some miles travelled attached to give the indicator more meaning.
  • LRSP should look for other data measures including hospital admissions, insurance claims, near misses and damage only collisions.
  • Further research into road users by a range of classifications to help with effective targeting interventions at those road users with higher risks, for example migrant workers and foreign nationals who passed their driving test in a different county which may not be in line with UK driving standards.
  • As Lincoln University continues its rapid expansion, research is required into the possible road safety impact of a significant increase of young drivers within the city environment.

Local Views & Insights

  • LRSP have introduced online SNAP surveys to be completed by attendees on NDORS courses in Lincolnshire. Additionally, this forum has been used to canvas views on wider road safety issues to inform LRSP decision making.
  • Feedback is sought at all events LRSP attends.
  • Feedback is sought for all courses LRSP delivers; including motorcycle training, young driver training and 2Fast2Soon.
  • LRSP website, Facebook and Twitter accounts all allow for direct communication.
  • LRSP Strategic Board is made up of elected members and senior officers of its parent organisations. This allows for direct input of public opinion and stakeholder views.
  • LRSP Road Safety Officers are required to liaise with Neighbourhood Policing Teams (NPTs).
  • LRSP attends a variety of Partnerships and forums including Community Safety Partnership and Lincolnshire Safeguarding Children Board (LSCB) to ensure partners and stakeholders are able to contribute to Lincolnshire's road safety provision.

Risks of not doing something

Although we have seen a reduction in KSI casualties in 2018, the increase from 2016 demonstrates that road safety should remain a strategic priority in Lincolnshire. The number of people killed or seriously injured is clearly unacceptable in terms of both human and economic costs.

The cost to the national economy of KSI casualties in Lincolnshire in 2016 alone equates to approximately £187m.

What is coming on the horizon?

The biggest risk to Lincolnshire's road safety provision continues to be the availability of resources. The current national programme requires public service providers to make difficult budget decisions. Possible issues relating to this include:

  • A reduction in finances
  • Less enforcement
  • Less road maintenance
  • Reduction in verge maintenance
  • Managing a deteriorating road network
  • Having to close roads
  • Less education
  • Reduction in public transport

What should we be doing next?

  • Developing relationship with wider Fire and Rescue Service to provide greater reach during road safety initiatives.
  • Continue to develop relationship with wider Police service to provide greater impact through enforcement and communications campaigns.
  • Explore further integration with Lincolnshire County Council Highways to ensure improvements to infrastructure are joined up.
  • Seek to expand Community Speed watch.
  • Explore opportunities to employ new technology in enforcement, education and engineering fields.
  • Continue to work on education on driver distractions, this should be part of the education plans for children and include mobile phones, head phones, behaviour around HGVs etc.
  • Expand corporate training to provide a greater impact on business road users.

 

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